The following are terms mentioned in Katt’s Remedies CBD products and articles. This is what they mean:
Entourage Effect – The entourage effect is a proposed mechanism by which cannabis compounds, such as cannabinoids, terpenoids, and flavonoids, act synergistically with each other to modulate the overall effects of the plant. The entourage effect may make some cannabis products more effective than isolated compounds.
Endocannabinoid System – A biological system composed of endocannabinoids which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptor proteins.
Anandamide – Structure similar to THC- A powerful neurotransmitter. It regulates processes such as body temperature, memory, pain, and more. It also increases neurogenesis which reduces anxiety and inflammation.
2-Arachidonoylglyerol – One of the most common endocannabinoids in the body. It is part of a large group of molecules that come from arachidonic acid, a type of fatty acid that acts as an inflammatory intermediate and also widens the blood vessels. It is created and used by the body when needed instead of being produced and stored for a later time.
CB1 Receptors – Mostly found in the central nervous system – Modulate neurotransmitter release.
CB2 Receptors – Mainly found in your peripheral nervous system – Helps modulate inflammation and immune response.
THC – (Tetrahydrocannabinol) The primary psychoactive component in marijuana, hashish, and other
preparations derived from cannabis plants, especially Cannabis sativa.
CBD – (Cannabidiol) Derived from the Hemp plant. Defined as any part of the cannabis sativa plant with
no more than 0.3% of tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive substance in marijuana.
CBG – (Cannabigerol) “The Mother of all Cannabinoids” It is the cannabinoid from which other types of cannabinoids (including CBD) are derived. The starting compound in the cannabis plant, young cannabis plants are typically used to source the cannabinoid because when the plant is ripe, there isn’t much CBG left. Instead, the plant is more abundant in THC and CBD.
CBN – (Cannabinol) A crystalline, mildly psychoactive cannabinoid that is found in very small quantities in cannabis as a breakdown product of THC and is known to have sedative properties.
CBC – (Cannabichromene) One of the six major cannabinoids produced in both hemp and marijuana. CBC has shown promise for managing chronic pain, depression, & neurodegenerative disease.
- CBD isolate: This is pure CBD, meaning there are no other cannabis
compounds. That makes it as close to THC-free as possible.
- Broad-spectrum CBD: This type of CBD contains most cannabinoids, but it
generally doesn’t include THC. You’ll also find some flavonoids and
o Flavonoids are various compounds found naturally in many fruits and
vegetables. They’re also in plant products.
o Terpenes are naturally occurring chemical compounds found in plants
and some animals. They’re responsible for the aromas, flavors, and
even colors associated with various types of vegetation.
- Full-spectrum CBD: This CBD contains all cannabis compounds and
cannabinoids including THC. The federally legal CBD products only contain a
maximum of 0.3% THC
- Carrier Oils – Any sort of lipid-rich extract that can be expelled from a seed, nut, or fruit. Used to dilute essential oils which are made from the isolated aromatic compounds of a plant and, while fragrant, are volatile. The carrier oil does double duty by feeding and nourishing the skin while helping deliver the therapeutic properties of the essential oils.
EXAMPLES OF CARRIER OILS
Sweet Almond Oil
Pomegranate Seed Oil